Types of Solvents Used in Industries and their Differences

When it comes to industrial cleaning products, there are so many different varieties you can choose from and each one of them has its own unique purpose or use. It’s no secret that solvents are one of the most sought after products used for cleaning in industries. And yes, even cleaning solvents are classified into different types or kinds. The three kinds of industrial cleaning solvents, at least the most commonly known varieties, are oxygenated, hydrocarbon, and halogenated. Now if you’re responsible for purchasing the right industrial cleaning solvent, it is important that you first learn what the attributes and features of each solvent are.

1 – Oxygenated Type of Solvents

To produce this kind of solvent, there’s a need to distill components from certain chemicals. The objective is to come up with the ideal balance and consistency of ingredients for making the best product. Perhaps the most important attribute of oxygenated solvent is its superbly high rate of purity as a result of a careful and advanced refinement process. In most instances, the smallest signs of excess water as well as particulate matter are effectively removed once the last stage of production is performed. There are numerous industrial cleaning supplies such as ketones, glycol ethers, and alcohol that belong to this category.

2 – Hydrocarbon Type of Solvents

The second type of industrial cleaning solvent meanwhile is called hydrocarbon solvent, which based on the name, is obviously made up of special hydrocarbons. Because of its natural composition, this industrial solvent is best used for a wide range of cleaning functions. This solvent is also a little more complex to produce compared to oxygenated solvents. This is obvious in several characteristics, namely color, aromatic quality, solute composition, and flashpoint. By far, the most common examples of hydrocarbon solvents are turpentine, petroleum ether, and benzene. But then again, you have to be particularly cautious about using hydrocarbon solvents for industrial cleaning since some types can emit hazardous air pollutants.

3 – Halogenated Type of Solvents

Although halogenated solvents are still generally considered hydrocarbon, the difference is that they’ve been subjected to chlorination. In terms of aroma, it’s easy to distinguish solvents considered as halogenated because they are more pungent. This type of solvent is likewise as effective as the other two solvents we talked about earlier. The most common examples are chlorobenzene, dichloromethane, and trichloroethylene. However, considering the fact that this solvent still is considered hydrocarbon, it means you still must be aware of the possibility of them emitting HAPs.

At the end of the day, the type of industrial solvent you’ll be using depends primarily on what industry you belong. Furthermore, you want to also specifically determine your cleaning needs to know which industrial solvent is best for it. But always remember to stick with those that don’t have an infamous history of being harmful and dangerous to the environment.
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